Managers, and the work they do, differ somewhat by the type of organization they are in, the size of the firm, the industry, cultural norms, personal values and experiences, and especially the manager’s level in the organization’s hierarchy.
An organization's hierarchy is typically made up of four main levels, which includes executives, middle managers, supervisory managers, and nonmanagerial employees.
- Executives – a top-level manager in charge of a group of subordinate managers; this person establishes broad plans, objectives, and strategies.
- Middle Managers – a person who reports to an executive and how directs supervisory personal toward the attainment of goals and the implementation of plans of an organization.
- Supervisory Managers – a first level manager who is in charge of, and coordinates the activities of, a group of employees engaged in related activities within a unit of an organization.
- Nonmanagerial Employees – often referred to as "employees" or "associates" these workers receive direction from supervisors and then perform specific, designated tasks.
- Executives – President, Executive Vice President, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Chief Operating Officer (COO), Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Chief Information Officer (CIO), Managing Director (MD), Board of Directors
- Middle Managers – Plant Manager, Division Manager, District Manager, Branch Manager, Director of Personnel, Logistic Manager, Production Manager, Human Resources Manager, Sales Manager, Marketing Manager
- Executives – Supervisor, Team Lead, Manager, Foremen, Section Officer, Superintendent, Head, Controller, Administrator, Overseer, Director, Group Leader, Squad Leader
*Not all organizations are identical. Managerial levels and titles may vary.